Black Pepper is the perennial climbing vine of the family Piperaceae indigenous to the Malabar Coast of India. The hotly pungent spice made from its berries. One of the oldest spices black pepper is probably the most widely sold spice in the world today. Due to its wide use, Black pepper early became an important article of overland trade between India and Europe.
Due to its popularity, It became a medium of exchange. Tributes were levied in pepper in ancient Greece and Rome. In the Middle Ages the Venetians and the Genoese became the main distributors. Their virtual monopoly of the trade helping instigate the search for an eastern sea route. Typically native to Indonesia, added to tropical areas of Africa and of the Western Hemisphere.